Arnold Durig (12 November 1872 – 18 October 1961) was an Austrian physiologist remembered for his investigations involving physiological and pathophysiological aspects of individuals exposed to high altitude conditions.[1]

He very probably served as the model for the "impartial person" in Sigmund Freud's polemic booklet "The Question of Lay Analysis" (1926).[2][3]

Decorations and awards

1910 expedition to Tenerife, Durig in back row, third member from the right.

Selected writings

  • Beiträge zur Physiologie des Menschen im Hochgebirge. Internationales Institut für Hochgebirgsforschungen Monte Rosa 1903, 1904 - Contributions in regards to the physiology of people living in the mountains. International Research Institute for high altitude research at Monte Rosa in 1903.
  • Physiologische Ergebnisse der im Jahre 1906 durchgeführten Monte Rosa-Expedition (1909, second edition 1911) - Results of physiological work conducted on the 1906 Monte Rosa expedition.
  • Zum Ernährungsproblem Österreichs, 1920 - On the problem of nutrition in Austria.
  • Appetit : Vortrag, 1925 - Appetite: Lectures.
  • Die Grundlagen der praktischen Ernährungslehre, 1928 - The basics of practical nutrition education.
  • Über die physiologischen Grundlagen der Atemübungen, 1931 - The physiological principles of breathing exercises.
  • Über Blutdruck und Blutdruckmessung, 1932 - On blood pressure and blood pressure measurement.[4]


  1. ^ NCBI Arnold Durig (1872-1961): life and work. An Austrian pioneer in exercise and high altitude physiology. High Alt Med Biol. 2012 Sep;13(3):224-31. PMID 22994523
  2. ^ The Complete Correspondence of Sigmund Freud and Karl Abraham: 1907 - 1925 ... by Sigmund Freud, Karl Abraham
  3. ^ Google Books The Question of Lay Analysis: Conversations with an Impartial Person
  4. ^ WorldCat Identities (publications)